Business role is a group of related skills with a level of authority to perform a given task. This includes all task types whether they are a manual or system enabled.

Business roles are not the same as:

  •  Organizational Jobs — a job is a role that exists in the organization and comprises a common set of responsibilities. For example, a manager’s job includes performing the function of a department manager and being responsible for direct report employees.
  •  Organizational Positions — an organizational position is a specific opening that someone fills (in a specific location). This is a skill‐ and location‐specific opening that is filled by a specific person. For example, a departmental manager in the San Francisco office.
  •  Security Roles — a security role is a tactical object that gets assigned to a user ID, and allows the user access to the system.

Source: Guide to the Business Process Management Body of Knowledge – ABPMP BPM CBOK V3.0.

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